Last updated: July 3, 2022
If you roam the Internet, at one point or another you must have heard of IPv6 and IPv4. Confused by these words? I explain the difference between IPv4 et IPv6. This article is a bit long, but when finished you will understand what is IPv4, IPv6 and what they are used for.
What is the IP protocol?
An IP address is the identity of a machine on the Internet. It is a unique address assigned to each machine (that is, there are no two machines on the Internet with the same IP address).
Likewise, the postal address (name, first name, street, number, postal code and city) makes it possible to uniquely identify a recipient.
Internet protocol versions
There are currently two versions of Internet Protocol (IP): IPv4 et IPv6. IPv6 is an evolutionary upgrade to the Internet Protocol. It will coexist with the old IPv4 for a while.
What is Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4)?
IPv4 is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP) used to identify computers on a network.
IPv4 uses a 32-bit address scheme allowing a total of 2 ^ 32 addresses (just over 4 billion addresses). With the growth of the Internet, it is predicted that the number of unused IPv4 addresses will eventually run out, as every device - including computers, smartphones, and game consoles - that connects to the Internet requires an IP address. .
What is Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)?
A new Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) addressing system is being deployed to meet the need for more Internet addresses.
IPv6 is the successor to Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). Designed as a scalable Internet Protocol upgrade, it will coexist with the older IPv4 for some time. IPv6 is designed to allow the Internet to grow gradually, both in terms of the number of hosts connected and the total amount of data traffic transmitted.
It is often referred to as the “next generation” Internet standard and has been in development since the mid-90s. IPv6 was born out of the fear that the demand for IP addresses would exceed the available supply.
The difference between IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
IPv4 uses 32-bit address space equivalent to 4 bytes. This means that the total number of IP addresses on the Internet can be up to 2 ^ 32. That is to say approximately 4,3 billion addresses. It is written in decimal as four digits separated by periods. Each number can be between 0 and 255. For example, 126.96.36.199 could be an IPV4 address.
With IPv6, the number of addresses becomes almost unlimited. It has a large 128-bit address space. And the total number of unique addresses are 2 ^ 128. So the limit of IP addresses is not going to be exceeded for many decades or maybe centuries.
IPv6 addresses are 128-bit IP addresses written in hexadecimal and separated by a colon. An example of an IPv6 address could be written like this: 2ffe:1601:4545:4:345:f8ff:fe35:67bc .
Another difference, to secure IPv4, we have to add a layer such as SSL. IPv6 already contains everything you need for security and allows you to better guarantee speeds.