What you need to master to become a good ethical hacker

pentester 3
pentester 3

Dernière mise à jour: 17 mai 2024

Un ethical hacker is a gifted and passionate programmer, capable of understanding how a program works and identifying its vulnerabilities. He is an expert who finds solutions to problems often considered insoluble.

To become an ethical hacker, it is essential to master several skills:

Master the networks

It is important to learn how to effectively search for information and programs you need. Using search engines effectively is a minimum; it is also important to know how to identify reliable sources and avoid the pitfalls of misleading or malicious information.

Knowing the basics of how networks work, such as the OSI or TCP/IP model, is also beneficial.

Learning English

It is essential to master english to be able to understand the technical articles mainly written in this language.

English is the dominant language in the cybersecurity field, and being comfortable with specific technical jargon can make research and continued learning much easier.

Know the components of your computer

You should know the main components of your computer and be able to replace parts like the hard drive without difficulty.

Understanding the role and operation of each component, such as the motherboard, processor, RAM, and expansion cards, will help you diagnose and resolve hardware problems more effectively.

Introduction to programming

Although initially learning to program can be daunting, it can quickly become exciting. Start with HTML, which is very simple, and then progress to more complex languages ​​like C, Python, Java and C++.

Mastering these languages ​​will allow you to create scripts to automate tasks, develop applications, and even contribute to open source software projects.

Study security and cryptography

For an ethical hacker, it is crucial to study security and cryptography systems. This includes understanding different types of encryptions, security protocols, and authentication techniques.

An ethical hacker spends a lot of time on the computer and attaches great importance to data security. A solid foundation in cryptography is essential for understanding and testing the security of information systems.

Understanding network protocols

Understanding networking and how it works is fundamental, from basic computer usage to the purpose of specific network cable design.

This knowledge is crucial for performing traffic analysis, understanding network attacks, and developing effective defenses against them.

Use an open source Unix system

Using a distribution Linux is essential for a serious approach to IT security. The first few days may be difficult, but don't give up. With time and a lot of patience, you will be able to accomplish feats with an operating system like Time Linux.

Control Linux will allow you to understand and manipulate server environments, often the target of attacks, and to use security tools specific to these systems.